ruff

ruff
ruff1
noun
1》 a projecting starched frill worn round the neck, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume.
2》 a projecting or conspicuously coloured ring of feathers or hair round the neck of a bird or mammal.
3》 a pigeon of a domestic breed with a ruff of feathers.
4》 (plural same or ruffs) a North Eurasian wading bird, the male of which has a large ruff and ear tufts in the breeding season. [Philomachus pugnax; the female is called a reeve.]
Derivatives
ruffed adjective
Origin
C16: prob. from a var. of rough.
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ruff2
noun
1》 (also tommy ruff) an edible marine fish of Australian inshore waters. [Arripis georgianus.]
2》 variant spelling of ruffe.
Origin
C19: from ruffe.
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ruff3
verb (in bridge and whist) play a trump in a trick which was led in a different suit.
↘play a trump on (a card).
noun an act of ruffing or opportunity to ruff.
Origin
C16 (orig. the name of a card game): from OFr. rouffle (perh. an alt. of Ital. trionfo 'a trump').
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ruff4
noun Music one of the basic patterns (rudiments) of drumming, consisting of a single note preceded by either two grace notes played with the other stick or three grace notes played with alternating sticks.
Origin
C17: prob. imitative.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую
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  • Ruff — ist der Name von Charles Ruff (1939–2000), US amerikanischer Jurist Christiane Ruff (* 1960), deutsche Fernsehproduzentin Franz Ruff (1906–1979), deutscher Architekt Hugo Ruff (1843–1924), deutscher Heimatforscher Ingo Ruff (* 20. Jhdt.),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ruff — Ruff, n. [Of uncertain origin: cf. Icel. r[umc]finn rough, uncombed, Pr. ruf rude, rough, Sp. rufo frizzed, crisp, curled, G. raufen to pluck, fight, rupfen to pluck, pull, E. rough. [root]18. Cf. {Ruffle} to wrinkle.] 1. A muslin or linen collar …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ruff — Ruff, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ruffed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Ruffing}.] 1. To ruffle; to disorder. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mil.) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum. [1913 Webster] 3. (Hawking) To hit, as the prey, without fixing it. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ruff — Ruff, n. [F. ronfle; cf. It. ronfa, Pg. rufa, rifa.] (Card Playing) (a) A game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it. Nares. (b) The act of trumping, especially when one has no card of the suit led. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ruff — Ruff, v. i. & t. (Card Playing) To trump. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ruff — Ruff, Ruffe Ruffe, n. [OE. ruffe.] (Zo[ o]l.) A small freshwater European perch ({Acerina vulgaris}); called also {pope}, {blacktail}, and {stone perch}, or {striped perch}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ruff — ruff; wood·ruff; …   English syllables

  • ruff — ► NOUN 1) a projecting starched frill worn round the neck, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume. 2) a ring of feathers or hair round the neck of a bird or mammal. 3) (pl. same or ruffs) a wading bird, the male of which has a large… …   English terms dictionary

  • ruff — ruff1 [ruf] n. [contr. of RUFFLE1, n.] 1. a high, frilled or pleated collar of starched muslin, lace, etc., worn by men and women in the 16th and 17th cent. 2. a band of distinctively colored or protruding feathers or fur about the neck of an… …   English World dictionary

  • ruff — [rʌf] n [Date: 1500 1600; Origin: Probably from RUFFLE1] 1.) a stiff circular white collar, worn in the 16th century 2.) a circle of feathers or fur around the neck of an animal or bird …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • ruff — [ rʌf ] noun count 1. ) the fur or feathers that grow around the neck of an animal or bird 2. ) a large collar with upright folds that people wore in the 16th and 17th centuries …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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